A choke constricts the muzzle of your gun and tightens the pellet pattern. A wide or restricted pattern could make a difference to your shooting. 'Could' is however the operative word.

  1. If you swap chokes around you can use the same shotgun for a variety of different disciplines.
  2. Most of us don’t shoot well enough to get any real benefit from choke.
  3. Screw-in chokes arrived in the late 1970s with the Winchester 101 series of guns.
  4. Good technique and practice are the secrets of good marksmanship. Not chokes.
  5. Almost every Gun will suffer from a bout of chokechanging-itis.
  6. Frantic choke changing rarely helps accuracy.Webley & Scott 1012 Sporter
  7. Novice shooters should forget excessive choke and concentrate on ensuring that patterns are adequate at 40 yards and not over-tight.
  8. Look at the patterns to see what choke works best in your gun.
  9. Tight patterns may give clean kills at long range but at short distances they demand more accuracy.
  10. Quarter and quarter or half and half is a good choke for pigeon shooting.
  11. Chokes should be cleaned now and then by dipping in petrol.
  12. If the choke is hard to remove, a few drops of releasing fluid may help to break the seal. Allow it to penetrate and then warm the muzzles with a hairdryer which will make the barrels expand, allowing the choke tube to be withdrawn.
  13. If a choke is still stuck, don’t force it. Take it to a gunsmith for removal.
  14. Be careful when you apply pressure to the choke tubes, as it is very easy to distort the barrel.
  15. Don’t keep damaged chokes, throw them away.
  16. Ensure that your chokes are screwed home fully before using.
  17. Check chokes are free of grit and other foreign bodies.
  18. The threaded section of multi-chokes should be lightly greased with Vaseline or its equivalent before being screwed home.
  19. Do not overtighten chokes
  20. Multi-chokes sit in a section of the muzzle that has been specially machined to receive them.
  21. Multi-chokes need to be cared for to remain trouble-free.
  22. Multi-chokes must be screwed in sufficiently so no gap remains between the inside of the barrel and the base of the choke section.
  23. If a tiny gap does remain serious damage may occur to the gun- this is called “choke pick-up”
  24. Multi-chokes have become very popular, both as factory standard and as custom attachments from specialist makers.
  25. Always wipe choke tubes clean of old lubricant. A toothbrush dipped in meths is ideal for cleaning the tube and barrel threads. Dry well after cleaning.