Vet Tony Buckwell gives some sound advice
Do you dismiss dog coats as just unnecessary fashion accessories for four legged companions. Or do you think that they are useful and necessary?
Well, a lot depends on the breed of gundog you have. Working dogs sometimes need a coat to protect them when they’re doing their job. (For example, a lot of wildfowlers like to use neoprene camo coats on their working wildfowling dogs.) (Read our guide to the best dog coats here.)
Different types of dog
Dogs have natural furry coats but they differ from breed to breed. Single-coated breeds have, as the name implies, only a single layer of hair and lack any form of undercoat. These are typically breeds that come from warmer climates and able to tolerate very warm weather; breeds such as the Chihuahua and the Basenji. So if they’re in colder climes they’ll need a coat (although you’re highly unlikely to see a Chihuahua in the field).
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Dogs that don’t need coats
Double-coated breeds have a top coat of stiff guard hairs and a dense undercoat to provide insulation. The inner layer of insulation keeps the dogs warm, while the outer layer offers weather-repellant qualities to keep the dog dry and protected from the elements. The Siberian Husky and Alaskan Malamute, for instance, are double-coated breeds that are well adapted to cold climates. Double-coated dogs are unlikely to need additional protection –— indeed, wearing a coat could even cause them to overheat.
Working dogs and coats
In cold, wet and snowy weather working dogs like spaniels can become very wet and chilled. On those days you might want to wrap up a shoot day early and you should always dry off any wet dog with a towel before putting them back in the vehicle. A fleece coat, like those from Equafleece, will wick away remaining damp from the dog and keep the warmth in, whilst drying off the dog quickly.
Shooting Times contributor and keen wildfowler Richard Negus comments: “My cocker Mabel is not blessed with a waterproof coat of her own, therefore a neoprene coat makes amends for that. I only use one when the weather really makes a turn for the worse, but it certainly keeps her warm and aids buoyancy. Personally I keep her well trimmed in the season, it seems to keep her more comfortable whilst wearing her real tree life jacket!”
Older dogs feel the cold more than younger dogs
The single-coated breeds, particularly those with a low body mass, will be the dogs that benefit most from wearing a coat in cold weather. Many sighthounds, such as whippets, greyhounds and lurchers, have short coats and little body fat. These dogs might also benefit from wearing a coat immediately following a bout of intense, strenuous exercise to help prevent them from becoming chilled as they quickly lose excess heat.
Dogs that are low to the ground will benefit from wearing a coat to help negotiate puddles and ice, but it is also important to consider the dog’s age and health. Like us, dogs feel the cold more as they get older and dogs suffering with diabetes, heart disease, cancer and kidney disease are more prone to suffering the effects of the cold.