Rural Maps: cartographers mapping out sporting estates
Rural Maps provides bespoke maps for estates, shoots and much more. John Walker meets founder Anthony Pelly to find out more about their approach.
It was the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century that saw the birth of rural mapping. Distribution of these dissolved estates by the Crown prompted beneficiary landowners to commission records of their landed properties. Often colourful and frequently used as status symbols, they were drawn by country surveyors whose task was to record fields, parkland, water and buildings. They were supplemented by field books whose purpose was to record cropping and tenanting, and together they became basic estate management tools.
Those county surveyors, and indeed every cartographer for centuries afterwards, faced the task of crafting in two dimensions a geometrically accurate representation of a three-dimensional world. From astral to terrestrial, everyone today relies upon maps and though we may take them for granted, their importance as management tools should not be underestimated. Anthony Pelly’s company Rural Maps has carried the cartographer’s art into the 21st century using advanced digital technology to produce bespoke traditional, ornamental and practical mapping for farms, estates, shoots, vineyards and more besides.
Graduating in architecture and interior design, Pelly’s growing interest in mapping was put to use first on his home estate where he drafted and project managed its application under the Higher Level Stewardship (HLS) scheme. As the lead advisor at Natural England remarked on its receipt: “The application was of an outstanding quality. All the various capital and revenue items were plotted as layers that could be switched on and off. The innovative use of layered maps is the best HLS application
that I have seen.”
Rural Maps: The birth of an idea
That application generated a sizeable grant under the scheme, giving Pelly the impetus to promote his services elsewhere. As a template it became key in selling mapping services to the wider rural community and, as he explains, it is a short step from mapping an estate in its totality to mapping its sporting elements.
He says: “I grew up on a shooting estate and thought capturing more information about it would help everyone. With an accurate and detailed map, the estate manager and headkeeper can co-ordinate a cropping regime with specific positioning of cover crops and, looking further ahead, belts of new woodland for future seasons. Shooting, like farming, is a medium- to long-term activity, so knowing what you’ve got helps you get where you need to be. The last quarter of the last century has given us geographic information systems (GIS) and computer-aided design (CAD), which, along with satellite-based global positioning, is pretty instant technology and potentially available to everyone.
“Arguably this remotely generated information numbs our sense of direction, and how much of any surrounding area can be gleaned from a four-inch screen display? Often guns and even beaters have no clear idea of where they are on the shoot, but put a large estate map in front of a team of guns and the result is illuminatingly different. Newcomers begin to absorb a sense of scale and relative positions, and as the shoot captain talks his team of guns through the day ahead, he can indicate which drives they will be shooting, the route between drives and where they will take elevenses.
“He can make the team aware of public footpaths, bridleways and highlight other areas of potential risk, to make for a safer day. The map shows all the drives and parts of the estate the guns may never have set foot on. For example, they may know the September partridge drives but a look at the interesting contours elsewhere may peak their interest to return at a different time for high pheasant and try other drives. Similarly, guns who have shot there regularly and think they know their way around may never have realised the extent or topography of the estate, so everyone benefits.”
But how to gather and deliver the information? Most people will have heard of Ordnance Survey (OS), but few will know its origins. Established in 1745 to survey and map the Scottish Highlands and control the clans in the wake of the Jacobite rebellion, it continued to expand its remit throughout the Napoleonic wars as the national mapping agency for mainland Great Britain. Most mapping depends upon relating the position of one feature to another, and until well into the last century, OS surveyors used simple triangulation. Many estates have these triangulation or ‘trig’ points, as they are familiarly known, but with the availability of aerial photography and the advent of digital imaging, triangulation was no longer employed. It is this more accurate and detailed database held on digital ‘tiles’ that provides the basis for Rural Maps’ offerings. Pelly describes it as “using the latest data to provide bespoke mapping services that maintain the artistic traditions of great cartography.”
And artistic they can certainly be, looking as though they are straight from the pen of a Victorian cartographer, yet presenting the sporting landscape with absolute accuracy. Typically they show names of drives, position of pegs, flushing points, high seats, paths, roads and buildings within the bigger picture of field sizes and boundaries. How better displayed than printed in large format and hung in the shoot lodge, with accompanying pocket-sized maps for use in the field, providing knowledge on corporate days where guns may be unfamiliar with the shoot, and giving the keeper something on which to mark comments on the progress of his days.
Useful and beautiful
The starting point for all Pelly’s maps emanates from the digitised data acquired under license from OS, as he explains: “We start by identifying the map’s brief and then orchestrate the elements or layers of detail to best meet that brief. Working from that OS baseline, we begin to bring together the various layers of data, and the tools we have to work with allow us to capture, manipulate, analyse, manage and present a wide range of spatial, geographical or geopolitical data.
“Apart from the decorative shoot maps, our more complex maps can have up to 70 layers of data, but they are first and foremost functional tools for farming, forestry and shoot management. We can show public access ways, game-rearing pens, stewardship grant areas, fencing, buried cables, tree positions, roads and tracks, gardens, gallops, water supplies and ponds, grid and utility lines, archeological features, cropping plans and more. Our maps can be supplied to our clients as digital files in PDF format, or as hard-copy prints. Alterations cannot be carried out to PDFs as editing is not permitted, but users can switch layers on and off and print hard copies themselves.”
Pelly describes his output as bespoke and accurate. Bespoke, as in crafted in a style to meet the client’s brief, and often drawing from existing historic maps, artistically adorned with personal detail; and accurate, whether approached with a scale ruler and measuring tape in hand or uploaded to a handheld GPS device. Having one map where everything is up to date, rather than piles of old maps rolled up in the corner is obviously a better solution for estate management in the 21st century.
And there are always new avenues opening up, as Pelly explains: “Maps are absorbing and interesting to most people and often one thing leads to another. Hence we produce bespoke, printer-friendly game cards to accompany our big-format shoot maps, waterproof packs for the keeper and game cart driver, and even wallpaper. We have had some success in mapping vineyards, even down to individual rows and blocks of grape varieties, plus a golf course or two, and there is no end to how useful maps can become. For a young business, I’m proud of the scope and quality of clients who have commissioned us. To have prestigious estates across the UK and the finest vineyards in Europe on our books is testament to our unique product treatment and standard of finish.”
Pelly produces some of the finest bespoke maps today and they would look the part in the shoot lodges, farm offices and drawing rooms of small and large properties across the world. Maps may sometimes be viewed with frustration, usually because their user is lost, but Pelly clearly knows where he is and his way forward.