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Where to spot the pigeon

Finding it hard to discover where the pigeons are? If the pickings seem to be slim here's how to find those pigeons advises Tom Payne

Pigeon in tree

With the trees coming into leaf, it gets harder to see the birds

May and early June can often be the slowest period for pigeon shooting. But I’m 
very fond of this time of year as 
a pigeon shooter because you really have to think like a pigeon. Your reconnaissance has to be thorough 
or you could waste your time, and the skill it takes to shoot a bag of pigeons when all is quiet is a real achievement.

Having said that, I am going through an awful period with my pigeon shooting. I’ve got the crops, I’ve got the perfect locations and I’ve even got the pigeons, but they will not play ball for love nor money. Recon seems to be a wasted task at the moment. The birds are unpredictable, feeding times are all over the place and it is nigh on impossible to actually get it right.
Birds are still feeding hard on the buds as we haven’t yet had the warmer weather that draws them away from the woods. It is frustrating but there is nothing you can do about it other than to keep trying. This is all in marked contrast to this time last year, when I was killing great bags.

There is an abundance of food around and, in May in particular, there is such a mix to choose from that the birds can easily feed on all sorts. This makes locating their chosen food extremely tricky. At the same time, the trees are beginning to green up and will be in full leaf going into June, so locating moving birds becomes hard, even through your binoculars. What’s more, if the weather is poor at this time of year — such as a sudden drop in temperature — it can have 
a huge impact on where pigeons choose to feed.

How can I find pigeon shooting and what should the pigeon shooter be looking at?

In theory, there are plenty of “restaurant doors” open at the moment so it is a matter of finding their locations. In early May you may be lucky to have a couple of late drillings going in but generally farming is now so efficient that if the weather has co-operated everything will be drilled and in the ground. So as you come into the end of May and early June, all feeding will be on green crops. But theory, of course, is one thing, practice is another.

Favourite pigeon feed

spring rape crop

This small patch of spring rape has grown well but it is a less common crop now due to costs

Spring rape

Birds will start feeding on spring 
rape as it appears but usually only once the plant is showing true leaf. When it has got going, rape grows 
up very fast, so you must keep 
a close eye on it. Pigeons will destroy a crop of spring rape incredibly quickly. There is much less spring rape around, which is a great shame for pigeon shooters. Rape seed is expensive to produce and in general it yields so poorly that farmers are tending not to plant it as a spring crop.

Crop of peas

Shooting over peas from a hide can result in some excellent bags as pigeons adore this crop


A crop that in many areas ceased 
to be grown at one point, peas have made a comeback — much to the delight of many a pigeon shooter. It offers all-round shooting from drill 
to harvest and around now there will be activity of some sort. It is important that you don’t over-shoot the crop. Space your outings correctly and you will be more effective. As the crop starts to thrive you don’t want 
to be a walking bird-scarer, pushing birds on to other parts of the crop.

Focus your recon from around noon onwards, though if it is a very still and warm day, start watching from later on. Pigeons operate like clockwork on peas so once you have identified where to set up, beat the birds to the field.

clover crop

Before winter rape, clover was the pigeon’s staple diet.


Clover is often overlooked by the modern pigeon shooter but before 
the introduction of winter rape, it was the staple diet of the woodpigeon. 
It is rare to shoot big bags over clover now but even so, it can still provide some good outings. If you drive past any grass fields on a sunny evening and you see small gangs of pigeons, it will be clover that they are feeding on. They tend to prefer a really warm sunny afternoon, with the main period from 4pm onwards.

If you only see a few birds feeding, don’t shrug off the opportunity to shoot. There is every chance that more will be coming and going 
and there could be good numbers sitting around the surrounding woods that you will be unable 
to see due to heavy leaf.

I really enjoy a warm evening shooting over clover. Birds tend 
to decoy very well and you can walk away with bags of around 30 to 40 — 
a great afternoon’s sport. Regarding decoys, I never use a magnet over clover and find that static dead birds, in good condition, work beautifully, with a possible flapper added into 
the mix. Birds tend to leave clover 
if weather has been wet or there has been a drop in temperature.

Failed rape

Throughout May, failed rape can provide some good outings. Areas where the crop has struggled to get going provide an attractive feeding option for pigeons. Shooting will normally be in the latter part of the afternoon. During your reconnaissance do watch carefully, 
as it is easy to miss birds heading out to feed and it will be almost impossible actually to see feeding birds due to the height of the good crop.

When placing your decoys, make sure you show them off. Raise them slightly higher than the failed area. Floaters placed in the taller parts 
of the crop can act as a real draw 
for approaching birds.

Mustard crop

Mustard can be wrongly identified as rape but it decoys well


Mustard is usually drilled as 
a nitrogen-fixing crop and can provide some great outings but it is another rare crop that many shooters might not think to shoot over. Again, late afternoons in warm weather always provide the best sport.

It is often wrongly identified from a distance. It has a yellow flower and is fairly open in density. Birds tend to decoy well as they are left undisturbed. A magnet can work 
on the slightly taller crop and you can use cradles to show off dead birds. Pigeons will behave very much the same as they would on spring rape, filling up the surrounding hedges and trees before feeding. Once they have arrived they will hang around the feeding area, so you must beat them to the crop.

Laid crops

Come the middle of June, keep your eye out for the first-laid crops. You don’t see laid barley any more, as farmers are being more controlled with the amount of nitrogen that is used but also because stronger-stemmed varieties are being grown. Having said that, last June there were more laid crops than I’ve seen for quite a few years and this can only have been down to the varieties used.

Tom’s tips for playing crops like a pro

  • All the crops mentioned make it sound like you’ll be seeing a feeding bonanza. But the problem is the amount of food available – you have to be on top of your reconnaissance
  • Don’t discount small numbers of pigeon. The surrounding trees and hedges could be jam-packed with pigeons that are hard to see due to heavy leaf
  • Birds have split up at this point in the year and will be travelling in small groups, singles and pairs so don’t look for massive numbers on the wing
  • Weather plays a huge part, especially over crops such as clover. Feeding patterns will change if the weather changes. Warm afternoons will always giv you best results.
  • Some shooting is better than no shooting. Don’t shrug off an outing just because you don’t think you are going to shoot a massive bag. It takes more skill to make a bag from not very much activity.