A choke constricts the muzzle of your gun and tightens the pellet pattern. A wide or restricted pattern could make a difference to your shooting. 'Could' is however the operative word.
- By swapping chokes, you can use the same shotgun for a variety of different disciplines
- But most of us don’t shoot well enough to get any real benefit from choke
- Screw-in chokes arrived in the late 1970s with the Winchester 101 series of guns
- Good technique and practice are the secrets of good marksmanship rather than chokes
- Almost every Gun will suffer from a bout of chokechanging-itis
- Frantic choke changing rarely helps accuracy
- Novice shooters should forget excessive choke and concentrate on ensuring that patterns are adequate at 40 yards and not over-tight.
- Look at the patterns to see what choke works best in your gun
- Tight patterns may give clean kills at long range but at short distances they demand more accuracy
- Quarter and quarter or half and half is a good choke for pigeon shooting
- Clean chokes from time to time by immersing in petrol
- Always throw away a damaged choke
- Check that your chokes are screwed home fully before using
- Check chokes are free of foreign bodies like grit
- The threaded section of multi-chokes should be lightly greased with Vaseline or equivalent before being screwed home
- Beware of over-tightening chokes
- If a choke gets stuck, don’t force it. Take it to a gunsmith for removal.
- Multi-chokes sit in a section of the muzzle that has been specially machined to receive them.
- Multi-chokes need to be cared for to remain trouble-free
- Multi-chokes must be screwed in sufficiently so no gap remains between the inside of the barrel and the base of the choke section
- If a tiny gap does remain serious damage may occur to the gun- this is called “choke pick-up”
- Multi-chokes have become very popular, both as factory standard and as custom attachments from specialist makers.
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